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High School Graduation Rate & Graduation Rate Equity

President Obama established a goal to achieve a 90% high school graduation rate nationwide by 2020. The link between educational attainment and earnings potential is well documented. Research by the Institute for... Read More

President Obama established a goal to achieve a 90% high school graduation rate nationwide by 2020. The link between educational attainment and earnings potential is well documented. Research by the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan shows that, on average, households headed by a high school graduate accumulate 10x more wealth than households headed by an individual who dropped out of high school. However, a study from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) shows that there is a significant variation in graduation rates amongst student cohorts, including federally-defined racial/ethnic groups, special education, low income, and English language learners. Given the relationship between diploma attainment and future economic prosperity, this disparity is an equity issue.

This indicator assesses the attainment of high school diplomas overall and by cohort. Data is available from the state Department of Education. The U.S. Department of Education (DoED) requires all state and local educational agencies receiving Title 1 funds to calculate and report their 4-year adjusted high school graduation rate, overall and by select student cohorts. Participants are required to report for at least the largest public school district serving the jurisdiction.

Holland, Michigan

**Note Schools that we were able to collect data for between this 2017 report and our 2016 Pilot Programs Report are different. In 2016 we shared data for all of the Ottawa County Public Schools. We were able to get more Holland specific information for this report.**For this report we... Read More

**Note Schools that we were able to collect data for between this 2017 report and our 2016 Pilot Programs Report are different. In 2016 we shared data for all of the Ottawa County Public Schools. We were able to get more Holland specific information for this report.**

For this report we were able to gather information for City of Holland Public Schools, Black River (charter school), West Ottawa Schools and Holland Christian. The graduation rate number includes the alternative high school which is part of the public school system. Within the City of Holland there is also one charter schools (Vanderbilt Charter Academy (k-8) and two private schools (Holland Christian Schools and Calvary Schools of Holland and Calvary is not included in the numbers up above. It is also important to note that these schools draw from within and outside the city limits. Holland Christian was not able to provide numbers for the special education and ELL metrics, these are only comprised of the public schools and Black River.

The City of Holland Public School System is addressing early literacy and specifically third grade literacy in very specific ways. We are in the now 3rd year of an early literacy initiative. Recognizing the need to support second language learners (over 35% of our incoming kindergarten class does not speak English as their native language spoken at home, in fact HPS has over 25 different languages); a growing number of students who qualify for free/reduced lunch (3/4 of our K-7 schools are now over 80% of students qualifying for free/reduced lunch); and a growing number of students who qualify for special education students, we launched the early literacy initiative. The goal is to ensure that ALL students can read well and independently by the end of third grade. We have hired additional instructional coaches to work with classroom teachers on the implementation of our new curriculum and resource materials. We also provide two different summer school opportunities. This includes Start School Ready, for incoming Kindergarten students and Return to School Ready for identified students in grades K-2.

HPS is also opening the Holland Language Academy in the fall of 2016. This program builds upon a seven year program in the district to address the language and learning needs of mono-lingual Spanish dominant speaking students. Holland Language Academy’s Two Way Bilingual Immersion Program, is committed to the three fold goal of dual language immersion education; academic achievement on national, state, and district standards; High levels of language proficiency in English and Spanish; and Increased cultural awareness and sensitivity. Holland Language Academy engages students in grades K-7 in the unique opportunity to demonstrate their skills in Spanish and English. The linguistic and cultural experiences of our students are cultivated to develop well balanced bilinguals who can read, write, speak, and listen at grade level in both Spanish and English. Our student body is comprised of 50% heritage or native speakers of the Spanish language and 50% native speakers of English. At the foundational level of our program, students experience instruction in Spanish for 90% of the day at no cost to their developing English language and literacy skills. As the grades progress time spent in English gradually increases to an ultimate 50% English 50% Spanish in grades 5-7.

Holland Early College offers a pathway for students to earn an Associate's Degree (62 college credits) in addition to their high school diploma, paid for by Holland Public Schools. The opportunity to experience the rigor & intensity of college coursework, with the comprehensive support from high school, and the opportunity to offset the cost of college, can be powerful motivators for all students. Students at Holland Early College earn an HHS diploma (that meets all MI merit curriculum requirements), are enrolled in all core & elective classes, and may participate in all HHS athletics & before/after school activities. Students are prepared for success in the Early College program through relevant, rigorous project-based learning, technology that supports collaboration and self-directed learning, and a campus culture that is centered on trust, respect, and responsibility. This program is intended to serve first generation college students and students of color. The goal is some level of post-secondary completion.

Holland Virtual Tech is the district's online learning lab school to support credit deficit students in the completion of their high school diploma. Students are able to work at their own pace 24-7 with the assistance of professional staff in the completion of their high school diploma while balancing work schedules and family commitments.

Some other local initiatives that are aimed at helping to bridge the gap include: Destination Education (http://www.midestinationeducation.org/), Latin Americans United for Progress (LAUP) (http://laupholland.org/), and Ready for School (Holland, Zeeland, and Hamilton school districts) (http://readyforschool.org/).

The Ottawa Area Intermediate School District (OAISD) reported that the State of Michigan now stores and shares all information by county and/or district through the MI School Data website (https://www.mischooldata.org/ ).

According to the 2015 Ottawa County Community Health Needs Assessment (http://www.miottawa.org/Health/OCHD/pdf/2014_2015_... ) “More than 90% have a high school education or higher.”

According to the information in the 2015 Community Assessment for Ottawa County (http://www.ottawaunitedway.org/sites/ottawaunitedw...) on page 19 it states, “In reading proficiencies there is a disparity between the reading scores of Whites vs. Hispanics and of economically disadvantaged vs. not economically disadvantaged. However each demographic group shows an improvement from 3rd to 8th grade of similar proportions.” “In mathematics proficiency there is also a significant gap between the demographics, but in every demographic the percentage that is proficient worsens between 3rd and 8th grade, with the percentage of Hispanic and economically disadvantaged who are proficient dropping more than White and not economically disadvantaged.”

Additional data can be found at: http://www.midestinationeducation.org/uploads/6/3/4/4/63449657/2015_de_community_progress_report_gap_version.pdf

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